TEHRAN – Today, the country’s knowledge-based ecosystem accounts for more than 3% of GDP. And the figure is expected to reach 5%, however, the main target is to reach a 10% share of GDP, Vice President for Science and Technology Fars Sourena Sattari told Sunday.
Today, the share of knowledge-based businesses in the country’s economy has exceeded 9 quadrillion rials (about $34 billion) and since 2019 it has grown by more than 450 percent, he said. he declares.
The knowledge-based ecosystem is a newly emerged ecosystem but has so far been able to solve many of the country’s problems.
In all areas where few knowledge-based businesses operate, sanctions are the most imported and have the greatest impact. For example, we have problems in agriculture and food security because there are not enough knowledge-based businesses.
In the field of food security, billions of dollars are spent on importing simple things. While the country has the scientific capacity required to solve these problems.
With our high scientific potential and the growth of technology, we should not get to the point where we want to import the food we need. The development of food supply chains is one of the future plans of the vice presidency for science and technology, he further explained.
There have been great developments in non-oil exports in recent years and great companies have emerged, but we still have a long way to go. The same is true in the field of knowledge-based enterprises. Today, most exports are in the field of biotechnology.
Biotechnology in our country is a very creative and innovative emerging ecosystem that is growing and conquering international markets.
Fighting in the economic field and reducing inflation and poverty in the country have two simple solutions. The first solution is to reform the business environment, a large part of which is to eliminate corruption. The second solution is a tax on the rich. The subsidy solutions that are proposed are very short-term and have terrible long-term effects. The fight against corruption requires the development of intelligent and electronic administration.
In recent years, many words such as innovation factory, innovation zone, science and technology parks, knowledge-based and creative enterprises, etc. have been added to the country’s science and technology literature. Great achievements have been made over these years, but to address these issues, the process must be accelerated.
In order to make a difference in this area, the government can provide incentives to increase private sector investment. This should also happen in areas such as the media.
We have our own unique capabilities and innovations. It should be noted that the way to deal with events affecting our society is not to imitate the methods of other countries; Rather, we must develop our own innovation and, if we want to use the methods of others, localize it according to the structure of our country.
The law of scaling up production is also one of the most effective laws that we have been involved with for about 3 years, which is moving towards the knowledge-based economy and trying to solve the problems during these years.
It is not a solution to all the existing problems, but it is a railway for the development of the country for the next 20 years, Sattari said.
The Innovation and Prosperity Fund affiliated with the Vice Presidency of Science and Technology has earmarked 170 trillion rials (nearly $650 million) to support knowledge-based enterprises over the past last 4 years.
There are currently 6,263 knowledge-based enterprises operating in the country, offering advanced products and services in various technological fields to domestic and overseas markets, and some of them have entered international markets, said Siavash Maleki, deputy director of the Funds.
Aeronautical maintenance, steel, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, oil and gas are among the sectors in which researchers from technology companies have engaged, which has led to a reduction in imports.