Technology growth

High energy efficiency drives the development of fuel cell technologies for green ammonia in marine applications

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Dublin, 20 July 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The report “Green Ammonia: Valorization and Technology Growth Opportunities” has been added to from ResearchAndMarkets.com offer.

Growing concerns about the environmental impact of conventional ammonia production and the implementation of zero-carbon policies by governments around the world are driving advances in ammonia manufacturing from clean energy sources. Upgrading green ammonia from renewable energy sources can pave the way for manufacturing safer agricultural products, act as an alternative to fossil fuels, and offer cleaner industrial chemical manufacturing.

Globally, approximately 80% of the ammonia produced is used as fertilizer for agricultural production due to the high nitrogen content of ammonia. However, the conventional Haber-Bosch process for producing ammonia is an energy-intensive process that releases a large amount of greenhouse gases. Due to its zero carbon content, green ammonia can be used to make clean fertilizers and facilitate sustainable agriculture. The use of technology can significantly decarbonize refineries and fertilizer production. Green ammonia can be integrated into existing plants involved in small-scale renewable energy production for the production of urea, ammonium sulphate, ammonium phosphate and ammonium nitrate.

Ammonia is used to produce key chemicals including hydrazine, phenylhydrazine, hydroxylamine, aniline, formamide, sulfamic acid and acetamide, which are used as intermediates in dyes, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, leather, paper and plastics. Carbon dioxide emissions from the production of high-value chemicals are expected to exceed 230 million metric tons by 2025. Replacing conventional fossil fuel-based ammonia with green ammonia based on renewable energy holds enormous potential to drastically reduce carbon emissions; however, significant developments are needed to scale up existing green ammonia technologies to meet growing demand from end-use industries.

Green ammonia has promising application prospects as an alternative carbon-free fuel due to its high hydrogen content. Higher energy density, lower ignition temperature, and ease of storage and transportation compared to other fuels are leading to the adoption of new upgrading technologies to convert green ammonia into fuel. The marine sector accounts for approximately 14% of nitrogen releases and 5% of sulfur releases from all fuel combustion sources. Increasingly stringent marine regulations to limit emissions from marine diesel engines are driving technological advances in proton exchange membrane fuel cells, alkaline fuel cells and solid oxide fuel cells to power marine engines .

This research service identifies and analyzes technological advances focused on cost-effective and highly efficient production technologies; it examines the landscape of commercialization of upgrading technologies, the main application markets and the landscape of potential applications. The technological advances captured are dedicated to the valorization of green ammonia from hydrogen for fertilizers, chemical intermediates and marine fuel. The study provides an overview of the main areas of interest of the technologies, their challenges and adoption strategies for better utility.

The analyst has identified the main areas of technology development for green ammonia and categorized them into different areas as follows:

1) Production methods, including hybrid plasma electrocatalytic processes, ionic liquid-based electrolytic technologies, mobile systems for on-site production, ceramic-based inverted button-sized fuel cells, green Haber process -Bosch, photochemical synthesis of green ammonia and loop chemical synthesis

2) Upgrading technologies to convert green ammonia into chemical intermediates, including the Pechiney-Ugine-Kuhlmann process, direct amination or ammonolysis, aniline oxidation, Raschig process, carbonylation of ammonia, sulfation and dehydration of ammonium acetate

3) Upgrading technologies to convert green ammonia into fuels, including thermal and catalytic methods

4) Upgrading technologies to convert green ammonia into fertilizer. Ammonia manufacturers have increased their R&D investments in the green Haber-Bosch process or the carbon-free Haber-Bosch process.

Due to increasingly stringent regulatory guidelines, manufacturers are allying with research universities to adopt sustainable production methods. Factors such as production efficiency, cost, expansion of the renewable energy sector and favorable government policies are driving the green ammonia technology landscape.

Main topics covered:

1. Strategic imperatives

2. Scope of the analysis and main results

3. Analysis of growth opportunities

  • Overview of global ammonia production

  • Need green ammonia from green hydrogen

  • Valorization of green ammonia from clean energy sources

  • Opportunities for upgrading green ammonia

4. Growth Opportunities Analysis – Green Ammonia as Fuel

  • Valorization of green ammonia as a fuel in different sectors

  • Key technologies to convert green ammonia into fuel

  • Green ammonia combustion technology offers a climate-friendly alternative to conventional oil or gas.

  • High energy efficiency is driving the development of fuel cell technologies for green ammonia in marine applications.

  • Green ammonia cracking technology enables large-scale production of hydrogen.

  • Comparison of physical attributes of different fuels for the transport sector

  • Comparative Analysis of Fuel Cell Technologies Applicable to Green Ammonia

  • Green ammonia offers a climate-friendly alternative to conventional marine fuels.

5. Growth Opportunities Analysis- Green Ammonia as Fertilizer

  • Valorization of green ammonia in the fertilizer industry

  • Key technologies to convert green ammonia into fertilizer

  • The production of green urea emits less greenhouse gases than the production of conventional urea.

  • Increasing environmental safety regulations will drive the adoption of green ammonia for the production of ammonium nitrate.

  • Green Ammonium Phosphate will overcome challenges associated with soil phosphorus shortages and water pollution.

  • Growing concerns about crop failures due to alkaline soil support the application of ammonium sulfate.

  • Comparison of key processes for urea production

6. Growth Opportunities Analysis- Green Ammonia as Raw Material for Chemicals

  • Valorization of green ammonia as a raw material for chemical products

  • Key technologies to convert green ammonia into chemical intermediates

  • Valorization of green ammonia in chemical intermediates hydrazines, anilines, phenylhydrazines, hydroxylamines, formamides, sulfamic acids and acetamides

7. Regional trends and technology development efforts for green ammonia production

  • The development of green ammonia technology is supported by strong collaborations with industry and universities in North America.

  • Industry Initiatives for Upgrading Ammonia from Hydrogen in North America

  • Favorable government policies and incentives contribute to the development of green ammonia technology in Asia-Pacific

  • Industry Initiatives for Upgrading Ammonia from Hydrogen in Asia-Pacific

  • Europe aims to expand the production of low-carbon fertilizers and marine fuels using renewable energy by 2050.

  • Industry initiatives for the recovery of ammonia from hydrogen in Europe

  • Significant public and private sector investment is driving the development of green ammonia technology in the Middle East and Africa.

  • Industry Initiatives for Upgrading Ammonia from Hydrogen in the Middle East and Africa

  • The development of green ammonia technology in Latin America is driven by aggressive decarbonization goals.

  • Industry initiatives for the upgrading of ammonia from hydrogen in Latin America

  • Contribution of research institutes to the recovery of ammonia from hydrogen

  • Public funding is concentrated on the production of ammonia.

  • Private funding is focused on the development of technologies that support the upgrading of ammonia into marine fuel.

  • Industry initiatives for the production of ammonia from hydrogen

8. Universe of growth opportunities

  • Strategic collaborations between green ammonia manufacturers and renewable energy companies to develop new technologies and increase production

  • Development of new green infrastructures for the storage and transport of ammonia

  • Combine small-scale green ammonia production with remote renewable energy production

  • Integration of electrochemical and chemical looping processes for the synthesis of green ammonia

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/c0elfp

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